• EKA OKTAVIANTI Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya


Key words: Writing Achievement, TBLT, Decriptive Text Writing is one of the basic skills that have to be learnt by students in junior high school. In the first year of junior high school the students are expected to be able to develop and produce simple functional text, like descriptive text. Based on the preliminary study that has been conducted by the researcher, it was showed that most of VII-E students in SMPN 01 Batu have difficulties in writing descriptive text. So,the aim of this research is to improve students’ writing ability in descriptive text using TBLT at the seventh grades of SMPN 01 Batu.The method of this research is Classroom Action Research (CAR). This research was conducted  in two cycles  and each cycle consisted of four steps, they were: Planning, action, observation, and reflection. Each cycle was conducted in two meetings, so the researcher conducted this research in two weeks. To collect and analyze the data, the researcher used the information from qualitative (interview, observation, and questionnaire) and quantitative data (the students’ achievement in pre-test and post-test) in order to support the data collected.The result of this researcher reveals that TBLT method can improve their writing’s ability in descriptive text. The students’ responses show that they were interested to learn writing subject because they felt easier to write and enjoy the process of writing using TBLT. The students’ mean score in pre test was 71,40. In the first cycle the mean score was 83,39. Meanwhile the mean score in the second cycle was 87,10. It means that there was 16,79 % of mean improvement from the students’ score in the preliminary study to the first cycle and there was 21,98% of mean score improvement from the students’ score in preliminary study to the second cycle and also improvement in each aspects of writing descriptive text. From this result, the researcher concludes that teaching descriptive writing using TBLT at the seventh grades of students at SMPN 01 Batu can improve their writing ability.The researcher suggests the school to facilitate the teacher in learning TBLT and applyingTBLT in teaching and learning process. She also suggest for  students to keep practicing writing and for further researchers to do similar research using TBLT to improve students’ writing ability with more various and challenging task.  


Abid, S. (2007). Using Realia for Teaching Descriptive Writing at Primary Level.Retrieved February 3, 2015, from:

Akbar, F. A,. & Khomeijani N.M. (2008) The Effects of Task- Based Techniques,Gender, and Different Levels of Language Proficiency on Speaking Development.

Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1998). Text Types in English 1,Australia: MacMillan.

Anderson, M. & Anderson, K. (1998). Text Types in English 3, Australia: MacMillan.

Artono,W., Jahur, M.B., & Djusma, M.S. (2008), English in Focus: for grade VII Junior High School (SMP/MTs), Jakarta: Pusat Perbukuan, DEPDIKNAS.

Atifah, H. (2012). Perceptions of Task-based Language Teaching: A Study of Iranian EFL Learners. Canadian Center of Science and Education. Retrived November 11, 2014, from :

Bazerman, C. (1985). The Informed Writer: Using Sourves in The Disciplines (Second Edition). Boston:Houghton Mifflin Company.

Beare, K. Retrieved January 6, 2014 From :

Boardman, C.A., & Frydenberg, J. ( 2002). Writing to Communicate: Paragraphs and Essays (2nd ed.). San Francisco: University of California Berkeley Extention.

Brown, D.H. (2001). Teaching by Principle: An interractive approach to language pedagogy,second edition. Copyright C 2001 by addition Wesley

Longman, Inc. A Pearson Education Company, all rights served.San Fransisco State University.

Carless, D. (2002). Implementing task-based learning with young learners. Oxford University Pres, Retrived February 11, 2015, from :

Clouse, B.F. (2004). The Student Write , McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.,p. 142.

Crookes, G., & Gass, S.M. (1993). Tasks and Language Learning: Integrating Theory and Practice. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Elliot, J. (1991). Action Research for Educational Change. Buckingham: Open University Press. P. 5.

Ellis, R. ( 2001). The Methodology of Task-Based Teaching.retrieved from: 15th December 2014, from:

Flower, L. S., & Hayes, J. (1980). The Cognition of Discovery: Defining a Rhetorical Problem.College Composition and Communication.

Graham, S., & Perin, D. (2007). Writing Next Effective Strategies To Improve Writing of Adolescents In Middle and High Schools.New York.: Alliance for Excellent Education.

Gulek, M. (2013). Task Based Language Teaching – TBLT, retrieved : 2nd January 2015,

Harmer, J. (2007). The Practice of English Language Teaching, Ashford Colour Press.

Heaton, J.B. (1975). Writing English Language Test. London: Longman Handbooks for Language Teachers.

Kane (2000).

Accessed on Monday, April 2nd, 2012.

Kemmis, S., & Taggart,Mc. (1998). The Action Research Planner (3rd Edition). Geelong, Victoria:Deakin University.

Keys, C.W. (2000).Investigating The Thinking Processes of Eighth Grade Writers During The Composition of A Scientific Laboratory Report.Journal of Research In Science Teaching,37, 676–690.

Larsen-Freeman, D. (2000). Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching,Oxford: University Press.

Mao, Z. (2012). The Application of Task-based Language Teaching to English Reading Classroom.Journal of Theory and Practice in Language Studies.Finland: ACADEMY PUBLISHER Manufactured.

Mattetal, G. (2001). The What, Why and How of Classroom Action Research. Indiana University South Bend South Bend, Indiana, Retrived : February 11, 2015, from:

Meltzer, D.E. (2008). The Relationship between Mathematics Preparation and Conceptual Learning Gains in Physics: A Possible Hidden Variable in Diagnostic Pretest Scores, Iowa: Department of Physics and Astronomy.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1984). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebook of New Methods. California: SAGE publications Inc.

Nunan, D. (1989). Designing Tasks For The Communicative Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nsw (2011). Text Types (Different Types of Writing). Retrieved on 5th February , 2015 from :

Nunan, D. (1991). Communicative Tasks and The Language Curriculum. TESOL Quarterly, 25 (2), 279-295.

Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English Language Teaching. New York : Mc GrawHill.

Nunan, D. (2004). Task Based Language Teaching. UK : Cambridge University Press.

Payman, S., & Gorjian, B., (2014) Effects of Task Based-Strategies on Student’ Writing Skill Among Translation Student. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, Vol.3, No.3.

Perkins, R. (2005). Teaching Writing. Retrieved on December 5, 2014. From: journal/ vol19/Perkins.Pdf.

Pincas, A. (1992). Teaching English Writing: Essential Language Teaching Series. The Macmillan Press Limited.

Pardiyono (2007). Pasti Bisa! Teaching Genre-Based Writing. Yogyakarta: CV Andi Offset.

Richards, J. C., & Rodgers, Theodore S. (2001). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Robertson, P., & Jung, J. (2006) Special Conference Proceedings Volume: Task-Based Learning in the Asian Context. The Asian EFL Journal Quarterly, Volume 8, Issue 3.

Rozati, S. M. (2014). Language Teaching and Task Based Approach. Theory and Practice in Language Studies,. Vol 4, No 6 (2014), 1273-1278.

Sebranek, P., Kemper D., & Meyer, V. (1998). Writers Inc. Wilmington MA: Great Source.

Shanahan, T. (2004).Overcoming The Dominance of Communication:Writing to Think And to Learn.In T.L.Jetton & J.A.Dole (Eds.).Adolescent literacy research and practice (pp.59–73).NewYork:Guilford.

Sholihah, U. (2011). Improving Students’ Writing Ability Using Task Based Language Teaching (TBLT). Skripsi, tidak diterbitkan. Surakarta. Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Siahaan, S. (2007). The English Paragraph .Medan:Graha Ilmu.

Sokolik (2003). Practical English Language Teaching Young Learner. New York: A bussiness unit of the McGraw. Hill Companies.

Sperling,M.,& Freedman,S.W. (2001).Review of writing research.In V.Richardson (Ed.),Handbook of research on teaching (4th ed.,pp.370-389).Washington,DC:American Educational Research Association

Stanely, L.C.,Shimkin,D., & Lanner,A.H. (1998). Ways to Writing: Purpose,Task,and Process. Second ed. New York: Macmillian.

Sudijono, A. (2008). Pengantar Statistika Pendidikan. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada.

Suparno & Mohamad,Y. ( 2006) Ketrampilan Dasar Menulis. Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.

Tarigan, H.G. (1983). Menulis Sebagai Suatu Keterampilan Berbahasa.Bandung: Percetakan Angkasa.

Types of Writing (n.d.) Retrieved December 2,2014 from :

Willis, J. (1996). A Framework for Task-Based Learning. Harlow: Longman.