• DHIRA ANGGRAENI Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya


Keywords: Comprehension disorder, Schizophrenia, Schizophrenic, Donnie Darko movie. Language is an instrument of communication that people use to convey message, therefore, it is important for human life. However, in the use oflanguage, there are some problems that make a person has language disorder. One of the issues that deals with language disorder is the main character in the movie “Donnie Darko†suffer from schizophrenia. Based on the phenomenon, this study aims to obtain an understanding and explanation about (1) the positive symptoms of schizophrenia causing comprehension disorder and (2) the types of comprehension disorder suffered by the main schizophrenic character in the movie “Donnie Darkoâ€. This study used descriptive qualitative approach. The data were the utterancesand some scenes that containing comprehension disorder produced by DonnieDarko. In this case, the writer used the journal of schizophrenia in the DSM IV(Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 2000) to analyze the firstproblem about the symptoms of schizophrenia and the theory from Andreasen(1979) to analyze the second problem about the types of comprehension disorder. The findings of this study showed there were 20 data which consisted of 23utterances that contained comprehension disorder produced by the main character in the movie “Donnie Darkoâ€. Moreover, there were 2 positive symptoms of schizophrenia, namely delusion and hallucination which made Donnie Darko experienced comprehension disorder. The types of comprehension disorder suffered by Donnie Darko were poverty of content, tangentiality, derailment, circumstantiality and perseveration. Tangentiality mostly occurred in Donnie Darko utterances.  The writer suggests for the next researchers who want to analyze comprehension disorder to conduct this study by using different subject and theories. Besides, the researcher can also investigate comprehension disorder experienced by a real patient.


Andreasen, N. (1979). Thought, language, and communication disorders: clinical assessment, definition of terms, and assessment of their reliability. Arch Gen Psychiatry 36: 1315-1321

Ary, D., Lucy, C.J., & Asghar, R. (2002). Introduction to research in education (6th ed). Belmont: Wadsworth.

Broca, Paul. (1861). Language and brain. Retrieved on May 2, 2014, from

Comer, R.J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology. New York: Worth Publishers.

Florida, Danielle. (2013). Schizophrenia symptoms. Retrieved on June 18, 2014, from

Fred, C.C. Peng. (2005). Language in the brain: critical assessments. Continuum. Retrieved on November 1, 2013, from

Grinnell, Renee. (2008). Thought disorder. Retrieved on January 5, 2014, from

Harrow, Martin., Green, Kristin E., Sands, James R., Jobe, Thomas H., Goldberg, Joseph F., Kaplan, Kalman J., & Martin, Eileen M. (2000). Thought Disorder in Schizophrenia and mania: impaired context. Schizophrenia Bulletin,

(4):879. Retrieved on January 15, 2014, from

Kaplan, B.J., & Sadock, V.A. (2008). Concise textbook of clinical psychiatry (3rd edition). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Retrieved on June 18, 2014, from

Kuperberg, Gina R. (2010). Language in schizophrenia part 1: an Introduction.

Journal of compilation, 576-589. USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Retrieved on October 23, 2013, from

Leonard, L. (1998) in Clark, MK & Kamhi, AG. (2010). Language disorders

(Child language disorders). Retrieved on November 1, 2014, from

Lieberman, J.A., Stroup, T.S., & Perkins, D.O. (2007). The american psychiatric textbook of schizophrenia. American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. Retrieved May 1, 2014, from

Navid, J.S., & Rathus, S.A. (2005). Psychology and the challenges of life: adjustment in the new millennium (9th ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Szasz, T. Retrieved January15, 2014, from

Oxford Dictionary. (2014). Retrieved on May 1, 2014, from

O’Grady, William., Archibald, John., Aronoff, Mark., & Miller, Janie Rees. (2001). Contempory linguistics: an introduction. Bedford/ St. Martin’s. Retrieved on January 16, 2013, from


Parkinson, G., & Drislane, R. (2011). Qualitative research. In Online dictionary of the social sciences. Retrieved on May 2, 2014, from

Pelvig, D.P., Pakkenberg, H., Stark, A.K., & Pakkenberg, B. (2008). Neocortical glial cell numbers in human brains. Neurobiology of aging 29 (11): 17541762.

Peterson, J. (2004). Higgledy-piggledy schizophrenia. Retrieved January 15, 2014, from

Smith, Melinda., & Segal, Jeanne, Ph.D. (2013). Schizophrenia: signs, types & causes. Retrieved on October 23, 2013, from schizophrenia_symptom.htm

Smith, Melinda, M.A., & Segal, Jeanne, Ph.D. (2015). Understanding schizophrenia. Retrieved on April 22, 2015, from

Tacon, A.M. (2014). Positive & negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Retrieved on March 13, 2015, from

The free dictionary. (2014). Retrieved on November 24, 2014, from

Videbeck, S. (2008). Psychiatric-mental health nursing, 4th

ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwers Health, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Wernicke, Karl. (1875). Language and brain. Retrieved on May 2, 2014, from

Yudofsky, Stuart C., & Hales, Robert E. (2002). The American psychiatric publishing textbook of clinical psychiatry. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.