THE INFLUENCE OF PERSONALITY TOWARD ENGLISH PROFICIENCY OF FIB ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM STUDENTS YEAR 2013
AbstractKey words: Foreign language learning, personality, extraversion/introversion,neuroticism, temperament Personality potentially determines an individual language learning at advantages or the opposite. Personality in this particular study refers to four classifications by level of extraversion and neuroticism of Eysenck (1947) theory. Later the classification known as temperament. Thus this study is conducted in order to investigate the influence of personality toward English, as foreign language, proficiency. There are two issues which determine how the study is conducted; (1) What is the individual temperament of the FIB students 2013 (2) How is the correlation of each individual temperament toward basic four learning skills on the process of foreign language learning.Using quantitative approach, this study uses data in form of numbers. The instrument of the study is questionnaire of Eysenck Personality Inventory or EPI. The instrument is used regarded as the most appropriate to classifies personality into four types of temperament and the reliability of the instrument, using Cronbachâ€™s alpha, wasestimated at an alpha level of 0.837 at Nodoushan (2011). This study involved 47students as sample of population which all of them are students of English StudyProgram year 2013.The study identifies FIB students 2013 temperaments. Choleric noted on 23 students, 15 found as Sanguine, 2 found as Phlegmatic, and 7 found as Melancholic. The correlations are found between temperaments and the courses. Moreover the researcher finds significant correlation value between courses Understanding LongerTalk toward Cholerics, Sanguine, and Melancholic. Then another significant correlation value is Critical Reading toward Choleric and Sanguine. Based on the findings, the first and second hypotheses are accepted.To extend the study, the researcher suggests next researcher to describe further the influence using different theory, method, inventory, or even data. Thus the similar studies will provide beneficial references related not only to future research but alsodeveloping suggestions of learning management.
Ahmadian, Musa, Hamid Reza Yadgari (2011) The relationship between extraversion/introversion and the use of strategic competence in oral referential communication journal of english language teaching and learning (University Arak Year53 No. 222). Retrieved on May 3rd 2013 from
Araghi, Seyed Mahdi, Asadollah Fam and Ebrahim Ziaei (2011) The effect of personality on the english as foreign language learnersâ€™ performance on listening comprehension: extrovertsvs. introverts. English Departmentâ€“Islamic Azad University-Maragheh Branch. Retreived on May 3rd 2013 from
Arikunto, Suharsimi (2004) Prosedur penelitian suatu pendekatan praktek: Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Ary, Donald, Lucy L.J. & Asghar R. (2002) Introduction to research in education: second edition. Michigan: Wadsworth, Thomson Learning.
Carducci, Bernardo J. (2009) The psychology of personality: viewpoints, research, and applications. New Albany: John Wiley & Sons.
Chomsky, Noam (2006) Language and mind: third edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Eysenck, Hans J. (1947) Dimensions of personality. London: Transaction Publishers.
Eysenck, S.B.G., H. J. Eysenck, and Paul Barret (1984) A revised version of the psychoticism scale: Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, England.
Francis, L. J., Lewis, C. A., Ziebertz, H. G. (2006)â€˜The short-form revised eysenck personality questionnaire (epq-s): a german editionâ€™. Social Behavior and
Personality, (GlyndÅµr University 34(2), 197-204)
Gass, Susan M. (2013) Second language acquisition: an introductory course. London: Routledge.
Hidayah, Nurul Ulfa (2013) Language learning styles used by students of basic English course (bec)pare. Unpublished thesis. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.
Hossein, Tavakoli (2013) A dictionary of language acquisition: a comprehensive overview of key terms in first and second language acquisition. Tehran: Rahnama Press.
Krashen, S (1981) Second language acquisition and second language learning. Michigan: Pergamon Press.
Oxford, Rebecca L. (1990) Language learning strategies: what every teacher should know. New York: Newbury House Publisher.
Sharp, Alastair (2008). Personality and second language learning. English Department, Lingnan University, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong, China. Retrieved on May 7th 2013 from http://www.ccsenet.org
Van Daele, Siska (2005) The effect of extraversion on l2 oral proficiency. CÃRCULO de LingÃ¼Ãstica Aplicada a la ComunicaciÃ³n (clac). Retrieved on May 3rd 2013
Wardaugh, Ronald (2006) An introduction to sociolinguistics. Malden: Wiley.
Zafar, Shahila (2011). A study of the relationship between extroversion-introversion and risk-taking in the context of second language acquisition. VIT University, India. Retrieved on May 7th 2013 from http://www.consortiacademia.org
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).