• SINTA DWI KURNIAWATI Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya


Keywords: Code, Code Switching, X-Factor.People use language to communicate each other. In communication, when two or many people communicate to each other by using different language, the communication will not be understood. Generally, people who lived in bilingual or multilingual environment use code switching to prevent a misunderstanding between them because of the differences of language used. This research is aimed to find out code switching used by the presenter of “X-Factor Indonesiaâ€. Besides, this research is also to identify the kinds of code switching used by the presenter of “X-Factor Indonesiaâ€. As a result, the writer conducted a research which is aimed to find out: (1) What kinds of code switching are used by the presenter of “X-Factor†in RCTI, and (2) What are the factors facilitating the presenter of “XFactor†to use code switching. The writer used the theory of Romaine (1995) and Holmes (2001).The writer used descriptive or qualitative approach as the research method, while the subject of this research is the presenter of “X-Factorâ€. The writer collected 100 data containing code switching. This research used code switching theory of Romaine (1995) because this theory has suitable and clear explanation about kinds of code switching. To answer the second question, the writer used the theory of Holmes (2001). Based on Holmes' (2001) theory, there are four factors affected people used code switching.The result of this research showed that the most type of code switching in the utterances done by the presenter of “X-Factor Indonesia†is intra-sentential. This type occurred 88 times (88%). The second type is inter-sentential which occurred 8 times (8%), and the last type is tag switching which occurred 4 times (4%). While, the factors affecting the code switching is participants which occurred 17 times (17%), solidarity which occurred 68 times (68%), status which occurred 9 times (9%), and the last is topic which occurred 6 times (6%).Finally, the writer suggests the future researchers who will do the same research understand more about code switching. Besides, they should also analyze the factors affecting people in using code switching. The writer suggests them use the latest theory of code switching. This result of the research can be used for the next researchers as their reference in doing the next research in other phenomena of code switching occurred in television.


Ary, Donald, Jacobs, Lucy, Cheser and Razavieh, Asghar.(2002). Introduction to research in education. USA: Wardworth Group

Chaer, A and L. Agustina.(2004). Sociolinguistics. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta

F, Josiane Hammers. and H.A, Michael Blanc. (1987). Bilinguality and bilingualism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hoffmann, Charlotte. (1991). An introduction to bilingualism. London and New York. Longman

Holmes, Janet. (1996). An introduction to sociolinguistics. New York: Longman.

Holmes, Janet. (2001). An introduction to sociolinguistics (second edition). England: Longman

Hudson, R.A. (1982). Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Language.

Hudson, R.A. (1998). English grammar. London: Routledge.

Hymes,D. Foundations of sociolinguistics: an ethnographic approach. Retrieved January 22nd, 2014 from http://www1.appstate.edu/~mcgowant/hymes.html

Irwansyah.(2008). Code swicthing used by AFI 3 commentators in the concerts of AFI 3 on indosiar. Unpublished S-1 Thesis. State Islamic University of Malang.

Meyerhoff, Miriam. (2006). Introducing sociolinguistics. New York: Routledge.

Muslimin, Afif, Ikhwanul. (2008). Code mixing of Javanese language with bahasa Indonesia in Idul Fitri and Idul Adha 1428 H speeches by moslem school Miftahul Hidayah Mosque in Pendem village. Unpublished S-1 Thesis. Department of Languages and Literatures of Brawijaya University.

Rahardi, K.(2001).Sosiolinguistik, code, dan code switching. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Simon Cowell. (27 September 2012). Usai Indonesian idol, gelar X-Factor

Indonesia. Retrieved January 22th, 2014 from


Spolsky, B. (1998). Sociolinguistics. New York: Oxford University Press

Susanto, H.D. (2008). Code switching in Indonesian islamic religious discourse a sociolinguistic perspective. Malang: UIN-Malang Press

Sutarni Blog. (2013). Biodata Robby Purba host X-Factor Indonesia. Retrieved January 22nd, 2014 from http://sutarni.pustakasekolah.com/biodata-robbypurba-x-factor-indonesia.html

Umar, A and Napitulu, D. (1994). Sosiolinguistik and psikolinguistik: suatu pengantar. Medan: PustakaWidyasarana

Wardhaugh, R. (2006). An introduction to sociolinguistics: the fifth edition.Oxford: Blackwell Publishing

Wibisono, Wahyu. (2009). A sociolinguistics analysis on code switching a gender differentiation on “MTV ampuhâ€. Unpublished S1-Thesis. Department of Languages and Literatures of Brawijaya University.