KONSEP GIRI DAN GIMU YANG TERCERMIN DALAM DRAMA FREETER, IE WO KAU KARYA SUTRADARA KONO KEITA DAN JOHO HIDENORI

Authors

  • ADE PUTRI PRATIWI Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract

Society is a group of people who created a culture. In a culture there is reciprocity norm that someone should help those who have helped him. In Japan, it’s called giri and gimu. Giri and gimu many contained in the literature. In this anlysis, the aouthor use a television drama because drama has a different form from novels or short stories. Drama that used is a family drama titled Freeter, Ie Wo Kau. This drama tells the story of a freeter that trying hard to restore his mother’s smile who was ill. To find giri and gimu in Freeter, Ie Wo Kau drama, the author uses the theory of antropological literature by examining the interaction based on figures in the form of images and conversations, as well as using the theory of mise en scene as the supporting theory. The purpose of this study was to describe the giri and gimu concept that reflected in the drama Freeter, Ie Wo Kau. Result of this study indicate that this drama have giri to the world, giri to the name, gimu nnmu and gimu koo. Giri to the world contained in the Seiichi for Noriko and Seiji for Ooetsu. Giri to the name contained in the name of Ayako, Seiji and Chiba. Gimu koo contained in Seiji and Sumiko for his family. Gimu ninmu contained in Chiba and workers. For subsequent studies suggester to extend the analysis with a different approach and issues. Hopefully, this research can help learners and enthusiasts of Japanese culture to understand Japanese culture, particularly the concept of reciprocation. Keyword: drama, society, reciprocity norm, giri, gimu

References

Adriani, Sri Dewi. 2011. Analisis Penyebab Gangguan Depresi yang Dialami oleh Tokoh Ibu Dalam Drama Freeter, Ie Wo Kau. Jakarta : Universitas Bina Nusantara

Bellah, Robert N. 1992. The Good Society. New York: Vintage Books

Benedict, Ruth. 1996. The Chrysanthemum And the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt: Mariner books

Davies dan Osamu. 2002. The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture. United States: Tuttle Publishing

De Mente, Boys. 1997. The Japanese Have a Word for It: The Complete Guide to Japanese Thought and Culture. USA: Passport Book

Doi, Takeo, M.D. 1992. Telaah Psikologi Jepang. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama dan Yayasan Karti Sarana

Faruk. 1994. Pengantar Sosiologi Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar Offset

Fukakusa, Masahiro. 1980.「ç¾ä»£ç¤¾ä¼šã€ã«å‘ã‘ã¦. Aichi: Aichi Kyouiku Daigaku

Gerungan, W.A. 2000. Psikologi Sosial. Bandung: Refika Aditama

Gibbs, John. 2002. Mise-en-scène: Film Style and Interpretation. London: Waliflower Press.

Lebra, Takie Sugiyama. 1998. Japanese Pattern of Behavior. United States of America: University of Hawaii Press

Liliweri, Alo. 2003. Makna budaya dalam komunikasi antarbudaya. Yogyakarta: PT LKiS Pelangi Aksara

Nagano, Akiko. 義ç†ã¯æ—¥æœ¬æ–‡åŒ–ã«å›ºæœ‰ã®ã‚‚ã®ã‹?: Is ‘Giri’ Specifically Japanese?. Toyou University

Nelson, Andrew.N. 1997. The new Nelson Japanese-English character dictionary. United States of America: C. E. Tuttle Co.

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan.1995. Teori pengkajian Fiksi, Yogyakarta : Gadjah Mada University Press

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. 2011. Antropologi Sastra: Peranan Unsur-Unsur Kebudayaan Dalam Proses Kreatif. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. 2008. Teori, Metode dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Seki, Kiyohide. 1971. The Circle of On, Giri and Ninjo: Sociologist Point Of View. Sapporo: Hokkaido University

Soekanto, Soerjono. 1990. Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Suyana, Yayan. 1994: Budaya pemberian dalam masyarakat Jepang telaah atas konsep On, Giri dan Ninjo sebagai latar belakang budaya pemberian dalam masyarakat Jepang. Depok: Universitas Indonesia

Teew, A 1983, Membaca dan Menilai sastra. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka

Pratiwi, Canceriana. 2009. Analisis Konsep Giri dan Gimu dalam Drama Ichi Rittoru no Namida. Jakarta: Universitas Bina Nusantara

Wallek, Rene dan Austin Warren. 1995. Teori Kesusastraan (terj. Melanie Budianta). Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Sumber Internet

Fuji TV. 2010 http://www.fujitv.cp.jp/ie-wo-kau/. Diakses pada tanggal 5 Maret 2013]

Tanpa Nama. 2012. http://wiki.d-addicts.com/Freeter,_Ie_o_Kau. Diakses pada tanggal 5 Maret 2013

Kuchikomu-club. 1995. http://www.jp-guide.net/manner/ma/mimai.html. Diakses pada tanggal 5 Maret 2013

Downloads

Published

2013-07-30

Issue

Section

Articles