ERROR ANALYSIS OF THE FREE WRITING ESSAYS OF THE SIXTH GRADE ENGLISH LEARNERS AT LABORATORY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL OF STATE UNIVERSITY OF MALANG

Authors

  • NOVIE INDRIYANA Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract

Keywords: Error, Error Analysis, Surface Strategy Taxonomy, and Free WritingEssaysLearning English as a foreign language (FL) in Indonesia is not as easy as flipping hands. It takes a lifelong process and can be very challenging for Indonesian FL learners. In the process of learning a language, making mistakes and errors cannotbe avoided. This study is intended to investigate the learners’ errors in free writingessay made by the sixth grade English learners at Laboratory Elementary School ofState University of Malang using surface strategy taxonomy. These students havebeen exposed to English since they are in the first grade, but in facts, some of themare still having confusion in using the correct words. Thus, the problems of this studyare what errors are found in the free writing essay and the most types of error mostlydone by the sixth grade of English learners at Laboratory Elementary School of StateUniversity of Malang.The method of this study is qualitative approach. This study was carried out at Laboratory Elementary School of State University of Malang. The sample of this study is the 6B International Class Program (ICP) at Laboratory Elementary School of State University of Malang in academic year of 2013/2014. The technique used to analyze the data in this study is error analysis. The steps of analyzing the data started from observing the class, collecting the data, identifying the error, describing the error, explaining the error, and drawing the conclusion.The result shows that there are only three types of error made by sisth grade English learners based on surface strategy taxonomy, with total error of each type of error is omission with 15 errors, addition with 9 errors, misformation with 20 errors, and misordering with 0 errors. Misformation is the error that is mostly done by thelearners.The researcher suggests for the next researchers who want to conduct a similar topic use different theory. The other suggestion is, they can use different research subject of the study, such as employees of a foreign company, and different research object such as listening or reading tasks.

References

Anindita, Dicka. (2012). Error analysis of expository text produced by semester eight students of study program of English faculty of culture studies Universitas Brawijaya. Unpublished Thesis. Malang: English Department of

Brawijaya Malang.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L.C., & Ravazieh, A. (2002). Introduction to research. California: Wodsworth/ Thomson.

Bachman, L. F, & Cohen, A.D. (1998). Interfaces between second language acquisition and language testing research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bose, M. N. K. (2005). English language teaching (ELT) for Indian students. Chennai: New Century Book House.

Brown, P & Levinson, S.C. (1987). Qualitative research methods for the social science. Massachutetts: Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data.

Brown, D.B. (1994). Principles of language learning and teaching. 3rd Ed., New Jersey: Prentice Hall Regents.

Brown, H, Doughlas. (2000). Principle of language and teaching, forth edition. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall Regents.

Cahyono, B. Y., & Widiati, U. (2008). The teaching of EFL vocabulary in the Indonesian context: The state of the art. TEFLIN Journal, vol. 19, no. 1, 2

Candling, R. (2001). Vocabulary and language teaching. New York: Longman Inc.

Corder, S. Pit. (1967). “The significance of learner’s errors.†Error analysis. Ed. Jack Richards. London: Longman Group Limited.

Crystal, D. (2003a). English as a global language, (2nd Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dulay, H., Burt, M., Krashen, S. (1982). Language two. New York: Oxford.

ErdoÄŸan, Vecide. (2005). Contribution of error analysis to foreign language teaching, Mersin University Journal of the Faculty of Education, Vol. 1Issue 2, 261-270

Ellis, Rod. (1997). Second language acquisition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Farber, Nancy. K. (2006). Conducting qualitative research: A practical guide for school counselors. 368

Herdianty, Risma, Eka. (2011). Grammatical errors analysis on the English supplementary textbook prestasi for second grade of junior high school. Unpublished Thesis. Malang: English Department of Brawijaya Malang.

James, C. (1998). Errors in language learning and use: Exploring error analysis. London: Longaman

Kachru, B.B. (1992). The other tongue: English across cultures, (2nd ed).. Urbana, IL. University of Illinois Press.

Khansir, Ali A., (2012). Error analysis and second language acquisition. Theory and practice in language studies, Vol. 2, No. 5.

Lenneberg, E.H. (1967). Biological foundations of language. New York: Wiley and sons.

Mitchell, R. and Myles, M. (2004). Second language learning theories. New York: Hodder Arnold.

Myles, Johanne., (2002). Second language writing and research: The Writing

Process and Error Analysis in Student Texts. TESL-EJ, Vol. 6, No. 2.

Olasehinde, M. O. (2002). Error analysis and remedial pedagogy. In Babatunde S. T. and D. S. Adeyanju (eds.). Language, meaning and society. Ilorin: Itaytee Press and Publishing Co., Nigeria.

Richards, et al. (1992). Dictionary of language and applied linguistic. United Kingdom: Longman.

Saville, Muriel., &Troike. (2006). Introducing second language acquisition. New York: Cambrige University Press.

Simatupang, M. (1999). Bahasa Inggris: variasi yang mana? Suatu Tinjauan Ulang Tentang Status Bahasa Inggris di Indonesia. In B.K. Purwo (Ed).

PELLBA 12 (Pertemuan Linguistik Lembaga Bahasa Atma Jaya: Kedua Belas),. 63-84. Jakarta: Pusat Kajian dan Budaya Unika Atma Jaya.

Selinker L (1972). Interlanguage. IRAL 10,3: 209-231

Stark, L. (2001). Analyzing the interlanguage of ASL natives. Newark: University of Delaware.

Vahdatinejad, S. (2008). Students’ error analysis and attitude towards teacher feedback using a selected software: a case study. Unpublished Master's thesis. University Kebangsaan, Malaysia, Bangi

Downloads

Published

2014-08-22

Issue

Section

Articles