THE STRUGGLE OF AMERICAN MINORITIES DURING GREAT DEPRESSION IN JOHN STEINBECKâ€™S OF MICE AND MEN
AbstractKeywords: American minorities, struggle, Great Depression, MarxistNovella is one of fictions which the event happens in the story does not really happen in reality. But since it is a literary work, it may depict the real condition of an era. In the era of Great Depression, it is known that United States of America suffered from big economic crisis. In this study a novella entitled Of Mice and Men is chosen as the object of the study. This study is purposed to identify about how the struggle of America minorities during Great Depression.This study uses Marxist theory as the main tool of analyzing. In the process of the research, the theory of Marxist is correlated to the concept of minority also the concept of equality. The data is collected from the narration, characterization, and the dialogue of the characters. The procedure of analysis is started by collecting data, interpreting and analyzing related object of the study in the story, and drawing the conclusion.The result of the study shows about the struggle of American minorities during Great Depression. The struggle can be found by classifying the object of the study based on their factors of minority. There are five classes found in the research: the struggle of minority group in terms of (1) economic, (2) race, (3) age, (4) sex, and (5) disability. Basically, every group struggles to get equality based on their terms of minority, but the analysis shows that some groups intend to get equality of respect as their main aim.
Ade, Olaofe I. (2008). An Introduction to Literature and Literary Criticism. Nigeria: National Open University of Nigeria.
American Journey Online. (1999). Minorities in the Depression: The Great Depression and the New Deal.
Armstrong, Holly. (2012). Women in the New Deal Era: An in-depth study of womenâ€™s roles and attitudes during the Great Depression.
Cheney, Carol. (2006). Tri-County Domestic & Sexual Violence Intervention Network Anti-Oppression Training for Trainers.
Ismail, Indriaty and Basir, Mohammad K. (2012). Karl Marx dan Konsep Perjuangan Kelas Sosial.
Capaldy, Nicholas. (2001). The Meaning of Equality.
Elliason, Fredrik. (2010). Advanced Undergraduate Level Research Essay: Naturalism and friendship.in Of Mice and Men. Sweden: University of Gothenburg.
Golgeli, Murat. (2012). English/American Literature â€“ 1. Turkey: Anadolu University.
Hart, Michael H. (1993). The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History. United States of America: A Citadel Press Books.
Iwuchukwu, Onyeka. (2012). Introduction to Prose Fiction. Nigeria: National Open University of Nigeria.
Kenny, Michael. (2008). Gender Equality & Social Exclusion Issues in Rural Development.
Levine, Linda. (2009). The Labor Market during the Great Depression and the Current Recession.
Lichtheim, George. (1961). Marxism: A Historical and Critical Study. London : Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Marmaryan, Naira. (2010). Minority Concept and Related Issues.
Marx, Karl. and Engel, Fredrick (1848). Manifesto of the Communist Party. German: Forgotten Books.
Marx, Karl. (1847). Poverty of Philosophy. Moscow : Foreign Language Publishing House.
Marx, Karl. (1867). Capital Vol. 1. Moscow: Progress Publisher.
McLellan, David. (1971). The Thought of Karl Marx: An Introduction (2 Edition). London : The Macmillan Press Ltd.
McLellan, David. (1977). Karl Marx: Selected Writing. London : Oxford University.
Ozinga, James R. (1991). Communism: Story of the Idea and Its Implementation (2nd Edition). London : Prentice-Hall International Ltd.
Romer, Christina D. (2003). Great Depression.
Rothbard, Murray N. (2000). Americaâ€™s Great Depression. United States of America: The Ludwig von Mises Institute.
Sari, Margareth S. (2009). The Struggle of Low Class People: A Reading of Symbols in Ratatouille, The Movie. Indonesia: University of Brawijaya.
Steinbeck, John. (1937). Of Mice and Men. United States of America: Penguin Books.
Siswandari, Yulmi. (2013). Rhetorical Style in Longing Expression Found in Willian Saroyanâ€™s Going Home. Indonesia: Universitas Negeri Semarang.
Thompson, Chris. (2010). Depression, Disability and Employment.
The World Bank. DATA: GDP Ranking. Retrieved November 4, 2013, from http://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/GDP.pdf.
Watkins, T.H. (1993). The Great Depression: America in the 1930s. New York: Little, Brown And Company.
Yamashita, Takashi. (2007). The Effects of the Great Depression on Educational Attainment. United States of America: University of Nevada.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).