• ITA HERLYNA Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya


Keywords: reading strategies, science program and social program, Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS). There are four language performances which are important  in academicprocess, including speaking, writing, reading, and listening. Those languageperformances are important, but reading is essential one and the most  important skill, especially for L2 learners in mastering academic process. In reading L2, Indonesian students get difficulties because foreign languge is different with their mother tounge. Therefore, reading strategies are needed. This study is aimed at finding out the kinds of reading strategies, the most frequently used reading strategy, and the significant difference of reading strategy between science and social students of SMA Brawijaya Smart School Universitas Brawijaya Malang.This study used descriptive quantitative approach dealing with survey research. The data of the study were collected by using questionnaire named Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) designed by Mokhtari and Sheorey (2002). The sample of this study are the students of XI IPA 1 and XI IPS 2.The results revealed that the use of overall reading strategies for science fell into high level. It means that science students usually used reading strategiesduring reading process, it might be very important strategies for science students. While, the use of overall reading strategies for social fell into medium, means that they sometimes used reading strategies during reading process. Social students consider that reading strategies are important to do during reading process. Specifically, both science and social favored problem solving strategies as the most usage, followed by support reading strategies and global reading strategies. In addition, there is significant difference of reading strategies between science and social students.Regarding the importance of reading strategy, the students have to applyreading strategies in reading process, so they will get a lot of knowledge fromreading and they can compete in international school. Besides, the teacher canhelp them understand more about the importance of reading strategy. For the next researchers, they should be find the factor that make the participants use different strategies in reading process.


Amchosihi, Fifasoh. (2013). A study on English learning styles used by 11th grader of SMAN 1 kauman tulungagung. Unpublished. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.

Anderson, Neil. J. (2003). Scrolling, clicking, and reading English: Online reading strategies in a second/foreign language. Volume 3, Number 3, November 2003.

Anderson, Neil. J. (2009). ACTIVE Reading: The research base for a pedagogical approach in the reading classroom. Brigham Young University.

Ary, D., Lucy C. J., Christine K. (2002). Introduction to research in education (6th ed). USA: Wadsworth Group.

Brown, H.D. (2001). Teaching by Principles : An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. San Francisco State University: A Pearson Education Company.

Cahyono, B.Y. (2010). Second lamguage acquisition and english language teaching. Malang: State University of Malang Press.

Cahyono, B.Y., & Mukminatin, N. (2011). Technique and strategies to enhance: English language learning. Malang: University of Malang Press.

Cook, Guy. (2003). Applied linguistics. UK: Oxford University Press.

Grabe, W., & Stoller, F. (2002). Teaching and researching reading: Applied linguistics in action series. Great Britain: Pearson Education, Longman.

Karbalaei, A. (2010). A comparison of the metacognitive reading strategies used by Efl and Esl readers. Volume 10, Number 2, September 2010 from http://www.readingmatrix.com/articles/sept_2010/alireza_karbalaei.pdf

Li, F. (2010). A study of English reading strategies used by senior middle school students. Asian Social Science, Volume 6, No. 10. Retrieved October, 2010, from WWW.ccsenet.org/ass

Madika, Yayang Rinastalia. (2008). The students’s learning style preferences of the students of SMPN 1 Wonosari. Unpublished thesis. Malang. State University of Malang.

Mehdi, V.D., & Mansoor, T. (2012). A comparative analysis of reading strategies across Esp students of Humanities and Engineering. International journal of research studies. Volume 1 number 1. Iran. University of Isfahan.

Mokhtari, K., & Reichard, C. A. (2002). Assessing students’ metacognitive awareness of reading strategies. Journal Of Educational Psychology, Volume 94, No 2, 249-259 2002.

Mokhtari, K., & Sheorey, R. (2002). Survey of reading strategies taken from http://laurenyal.myefolio.com/Uploads/Survey2002Mokhtari.pdf

Muijs, Daniel. (2004): Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS. Great Britain: Athenaneum Press.

Nevills, P. & Wolf, P. (2009). Building the reading brain: Second Edition. United State of America.

O’malley, J. Michael & Chamot, A.V. (1990). Learning strategies in second language acquisition. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.

Oxford, Rebecca. L. (2003). Language learning styles and strategies: an overview. Retrieved 4, March 2013 from http://files.fernandamunoz.webnode.es/2000000401816e19114/_2003_Oxford_R._Lang._learning_tyles_and_strategies.pdf

Ozek, Y., and Civelek, M. (2006). A study on the use of cognitive reading strategies by Elt students.The Asian EFL Journal.

Park, Y.H (2010). Korean Efl college sudents’ reading strategy use to comprehend authentic expository/technical text in English. Dissertation Abstracts. Lawrence, Kansas. (Dept. Of Curriculum and Teaching, University of Kansas).

Philip, B., & Kim Hua, T. (2006). Metacognitive strategy instruction for reading: correlation of cognition. Journal e-Bangi, 1. 1-27

Priyatno, Duwi (2012). Belajar cepat olah data statistik dengan SPSS. Yogyakarta: ANDI Yogyakarta.

Saville-Troike, Muriel. (2006). Introducing second language acquisition. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press

Sheorey, R., & Mokhtari , K. (2001). Differences in the metacognitive awareness of reading strategies among native and non native reader. system: Journal of Applied Linguistics and Educational Technology, 29: 431-449.

SMA brawijaya smart school universitas brawijaya. Retrieved April 22, 2013, from http://www.smabss.brawijaya.ac.id

Vandergrift, L. (2002). It was nice to see that our predictions were right: Developing metacognition in L2 listening comprehension. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 58, 555-575.