POLITENESS STRATEGIES USED BY STAN SMITH IN AMERICAN DAD SITCOM, SEASON 1 (STAN OF ARABIA)

Authors

  • VANIA DELICIA Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract

This study is about politeness strategies in American Dad Sitcom, Season 1 (Stan of Arabia) which reflects the use of politeness strategies by an American (StanSmith) who to adapts on Saudi Arabia which has different culture.There are 2 problems to be solved; (1.a) What are FTA performed by StanSmith on American Dad sitcom, Season 1 (Stan of Arabia), (1.b) What are types ofPoliteness Strategies performed by Stan Smith character on American Dad sitcom,Stan of Arabia and (2) what are the factors causing the strategies to appear.This study used qualitative approach to analyze the data by analyzing documentand interpreting the utterances. The data are taken from the dialogs in the moviescript.The result of this analysis shows that Stan Smith did the FTAs for 32 times; 16acts threatening positive face and 16 ones threatening negative face. 23 of them arerealized in bald on record strategy and 9 utterances are performed with politenessstrategies. The 16 threatening positive face are expression of ridicule, complain andinsult, bringing bad or good news to the addressee, apology, disapproval, irreverence,expression of violence. The 16 threatening negative face are warning, order andrequest, reminding, excuses.  Stan Smith also applied two kinds of politenessstrategies in his sentences: 7 utterances using positive politeness strategies and 2utterances using negative politeness strategies. The 7 positive politeness strategies arestrategy 8 (jokes), strategy 12 (include both S and H in the activity), strategy 3(intensify interest on H), strategy 11(being optimistic). The 2  negative politenessstrategies that performed by Stan Smith character is strategy 5(give deference).It can be concluded that Stan applies FTA bald on record frequently thanminimizing the risk of damaging addressee’s face because his desire of beingfreedom as a man in male-dominated society and be respected by others wasthreatened. Writer hopes the reader search more object and theories which reflectedthe appliance of FTA and politeness in the daily life.Keywords: Politeness Strategies, Face Threatening Acts (FTAs)

References

American Dad Episode Guide. (2005). Retrieved February, 23, 2013, from www.FOXBroadcastingCompany-American-Dad-TV-Show-American–Dad-TVSeries-American-Dad-Episode-Guide.htm

http://www.fox.com/americandad/about/

American Dad, Stan of Arabia, season 1, episodes 12 &13, Part 1-2. (2005).

Retrieved Februari, 23, 2013, from www.americandadscript.com

American Dad, Stan of Arabia, season 1, episodes 12 &13, Part 1-2. (2005).

Retrieved Februari, 23, 2013, from www.watchamericandad.tv/american-dad-season-1-episode-13-stan-of-arabiapart-2.html

Ary, Donal. et.al. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education (8 edition). Wadsworth: Cengange Learning.

Bara, G,Bruno. (2010). Cognitive Pragmatics: The Mental Processes of Communication. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Baran, S.J., & Davis, D.K (2003). Mass Communication Theory: Foundations,Ferment, and Future(edisi 2). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Bouchara, Abdelaziz. (2009). Politeness in Shakespeare: Applying Brown and Levinsons Politeness theory. Diplomeca-Verlag.

Brown Penelope, Stephen C. Levinson. (1987). Politeness: Some universal in Language Usage. Cambridge u.a: Cambridge University Press.

Feinberg, Leonard. (1967). Introduction to Satire. Ames, IA: The Iowa State University Press.

Fraser, B. (1990). Perspectives on Politeness. [Electronic Version]. Journal of Pragmatics 14, 219-236. Retrieved October 16, 2011, from

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/037821669090081N

Goffman, Erving. (1967). Interactual Ritual : Essay on Face to Face and Behavior. New York : Garden City.

Grice, H. Paul. (1975). Logic and Conversation. In: Peter Cole (ed.), syntax and semantics 9: Pragmatics, 45. New York : Academic Press.

Karina, Oktavia. (2007). Politeness Strategies Used By Albert and Lionel in the movie "The King's Speech". Thesis, Malang. Universitas Brawijaya.

LaMarre, L. Heather. et.al. (2009). The Irony of Satire: Political Ideology and the Motivation to See What You Want to See in The Colbert Report. The Ohio State University.

Lapeyre, Marta C. (2005). Taxonomy of politeness. Universidad Complutense de Madrid. English Department.

Longcope, Peter. (n.d). The universality of face in Brown and Levinson's politeness theory: A Japanese perspective. University of Pennsylvania. Graduate School of Education.

Miles, Matthew B. & Huberman, A. Michael. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook (2nd ed). California: SAGE Publication, Inc.

Roger Brown and Albert Gilman. (1989). Politeness Theory and Shakespeare's Four Major Tragedies. Cambridge University Press.

Theories of Politeness. (2011). Retrieved 06, Juni, 2013. From http://www.scribd.com/doc/46991253/Politness-Theory

Trosborg, Anna. (1994). Interlanguage Pragmatics. Berlin: Walter de Gruiter&Co.

Walker, Terry. (2007). Thou and you in early modern English dialogues : Trial, depositions. Amsterdam – The Netherlands.

Watts, Richard. J. (2003). Politeness. United Kingdom: University Press, Cambridge.

Wiilu, R. Margaretha. (2006). "Politeness Strategies used by Benjamin in the movie The Curious Case of Benjamin Button". Thesis, Malang. Universitas Brawijaya.

Young, Dannagal G. (2008). “The Privileged Role of the Late-Night Joke: Exploring Humor’s Role in Disrupting Argument Scrutiny.†Media Psychology 11(1):119–42.

Downloads

Published

2014-02-03

Issue

Section

Articles