ERROR ANALYSIS ON THE USE OF SIMPLE PAST TENSE IN RECOUNT TEXTS WRITTEN BY THE 8th GRADE STUDENTS OF SMPN 3 PROBOLINGGO
AbstractIswahyuni, Santi. 2014. Error Analysis Â on Â The Â Use of Â Simple Â Past Â Tense Â inÂ Recount Â Â Texts Â Â Written Â Â by Â Â The Â Â 8thÂ Grade Â Students Â of Â SMPN Â 3Â Probolinggo. Â Study Â Program Â of Â English, Â Department Â of Â Languages Â andÂ Literature, Â Faculty Â of Â Cultural Â Studies, Â Universitas Â Brawijaya. Â Supervisor:Â Fatimah; Co-supervisor: Ida Puji Lestari.Keywords : error analysis, surface strategy taxonomy, source of error, recount textThis Â research Â is Â about Â errors Â occured Â in Â the Â studentsâ€™ Â writing Â in Â usingÂ simple Â past Â tense Â in Â recount Â text Â by Â the Â eighth Â grade Â students Â of Â SMPN Â 3Â Probolinggo. Â Learning Â a Â second Â language Â is Â difficult Â for Â students Â because Â theyÂ have Â to Â learn Â about Â the Â grammar Â of Â the Â second Â language. Â In Â learning Â a Â secondÂ language, making errors cannot be avoided because the students borrow the rulesÂ of their first language to a second language. Most students assume that writing isÂ the Â most Â difficult Â skill. Â Thus, Â students Â often Â make Â errors. Â This Â study Â wasÂ conducted based on the consideration that simple past tense has an important roleÂ in writing recount text. There are two problems in this study; what types of errorsÂ found Â and Â the Â sources Â of Â errors Â found Â in Â the Â recount Â text. The Â purposes Â of Â thisÂ study are Â to Â identify and classify Â the Â types of errors Â found and Â to Â investigate Â theÂ sources of the errors found. Â The Â research Â method Â used Â is Â qualitative Â approach. Â This Â research Â wasÂ conducted at SMPN 3 Probolinggo. The population Â in Â this study were Â the eighthÂ graders Â of Â SMPN Â 3 Â Probolinggo. Â The Â classes Â used Â as Â the Â sample Â were Â sevenÂ classes Â taught Â by Â the Â same Â teacher. Â The Â total Â population Â was Â 191 Â students Â ofÂ which Â 19 Â students were Â selected Â as Â the Â sample Â based Â on Â the Â best English Â scoreÂ from each class. The steps of data analysis consist of identifying errors, describingÂ the error, explaining the error, and drawing conclusions. To analyze the data, thisÂ study used Â types of error based on Dulayâ€™s Â theory Â and Â source of Â error based onÂ Lottâ€™s theory.Â The Â results Â showed Â that Â based Â on Â surface Â strategy Â taxonomy, Â there wereÂ omissions Â (24%), Â additions Â (7%), Â misformations Â (65%) Â and Â misordering Â (4%).Â Misformation was Â the highest Â type of error occurred. The sources of those errorsÂ were overextention of analogy error (1%), Â transfer of structure errors (94%), andÂ interlingual/intralingual errors (5%). Eventhough the students have good score inÂ their English, they still make a lot of errors and tend to apply the rules of their firstÂ language when they do not know the rules of the second language. Â Â This Â study Â is Â useful Â for Â students Â and Â teachers. Â It Â is Â expected Â that Â theÂ English teachers give more pratices to improve the English ability of the students.Â It Â is Â required Â for Â eighth Â grade Â students Â to Â improve Â their Â English Â grammarÂ especially in writing.
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