LANGUAGE PRODUCTION DISORDER OF A BROCA APHASIC (A CASE STUDY)
AbstractPanggalih, Putri, 2014. Language Production Disorder by A Broca Aphasic (AÂ Case Study). Â Study Program of English, Department of Languages andÂ Literature, Faculty of Cultural Studies, Universitas Brawijaya. Supervisor:Â Fatimah; Co-supervisor: Yana Shanti ManipuspikaÂ Â Keywords: Â Broca Aphasia, Broca Aphasic, Language Production DisorderÂ Human beings use language Â in completing complex systems ofÂ communication. Language production occurs in the human brain. One of languageÂ disorders Â caused by the damage of the brain is called aphasia. Â There are threeÂ broad categories of aphasia: fluent or Wernicke aphasia, non-fluent or BrocaÂ aphasia, and pure aphasia or Alexia. In this study, the writer only investigated theÂ language production disorder Â of someone sufferâ€™s from Â Broca aphasia. Â ThisÂ disorder will trouble someone in producing the language. The aim of this studyÂ was to find out the characteristics of language production of Mr. Arifin as a BrocaÂ aphasic.Â This study used Â qualitative approach because it analyzed Â the languageÂ production disorder from a Broca aphasic. Case study was applied in this study toÂ get the detail description from the subject. To investigate the language productionÂ disorder from the Broca aphasic, the writer did interview and analyzed Â theÂ characteristics by using theory from Garman (1990). The data of this study wereÂ utterances produced by Mr. Arifin.Â This study revealed that there are seven Â characteristics of languageÂ production of Broca aphasic encountered by Mr. Arifin. Those are the output rateÂ is low, the utterances have articulation disorder, are typically short, have Â fluencyÂ disorder, have disruption of normal intonational patterns, Â often omits Â theÂ formation of affixes and function words, and mostly concern in content words.Â The writer found that the subject found difficulties in producing clear articulation,Â getting fluency disorder, and producing short utterances as the majorÂ characteristics encountered by Mr. Arifin. In this study, the writer concluded thatÂ Mr. Arifin cannot produce language as fluent as other people since he encountersÂ seven characteristics Â of Broca aphasia. Â Producing language will give him hardÂ situation and Â trigger Â language production disorder during speech. However, theÂ result of this study cannot be generalized to other Broca aphasia cases. Â Â The last, the writer suggests Â the readers to be aware of the characteristicsÂ of Broca aphasia by knowing the Â characteristics Â of a Broca aphasic. Next, theÂ writer suggests to the next Â researcher who wants to analyze Â the same field toÂ compare the characteristics of language production disorder of a Broca aphasicÂ with other aphasia. It Â is to enhance and enrich the study about language disorder,Â especially aphasia that is still limited in number in Indonesia.
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