ERROR ANALYSIS IN THE NARRATIVE WRITING PRODUCED BY STUDENTS OF SMP NEGERI 4 MALANG
AbstractNowadays, English is one of the international languages used in the world. However, Indonesians do not use English in their daily life. Although English is aforeign language, Indonesian students, from elementary up to university shouldlearn English because English is very important in this globalization era. In theprocess of learning, Indonesian students surely make errors. It is understandable since the rule of Bahasa Indonesia and English is different. This research aims: (1) to identify the types of errors and (2) to find the most frequently error in the narrative writing produced by the eighth grade students of bilingual class of SMP Negeri 4 Malang.This research is designed by using descriptive qualitative research anddocument analysis to answer the problems of the study. The data were collectedfrom the thirty two narrative writing produced by the eighth grade students ofbilingual class of SMP Negeri 4 Malang. In collecting the data, the researcherasked the students to write a narrative paragraph about 150 until 200 words with a topic chosen in 100 minutes. The researcher analyzed the data using the theory from Dulay, Burt, and Krashen (1982) about surface strategy taxonomy.The results of this research showed that the students did some types oferrors when they wrote a narrative writing. Those errors are omission, addition,misformation, and misordering. Omission was divided into some parts namely,omission of preposition, omission of â€˜beâ€™, omission of plural marker, andomission of article. Then, addition was divided into two types namely, addition ofâ€˜beâ€™ and addition of verb. Misformation was also divided into two types namely,misformation of â€˜beâ€™ and misformation of verb. The last is misordering.The researcher suggests to the next writers who want to conduct thesimilar research use the different object and analyze the errors with other theories. Another suggestion is to use the same theory but with the different object like textbook or article for the data.Â Â
Anindita, Dicka. (2012). Error analysis of descriptive paragraphs made by students of study program of English Faculty of Culture Studies Universitas Brawijaya. Unpublished Thesis. Malang: English Department of Brawijaya Malang.
Astika, G. (2009). Model kelas bilingual di sekolah bertaraf internasional:Sebuah pemikiran konseptual. Retrieved February 11, 2013, from
Azar, S. B. (2002) Understanding and using English grammar 3
rd edition. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Brown, H. Douglas. (1999). Principles a language learning and teaching. New Jeresey: Prentice Hall. Inc.
Brown, H. Douglas. (2001). Teaching by principle and interactive approach to language pedagogy. London: Longman.
Corder, S. P. (1981). Error analysis and interlanguage. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Chomsky, N. (1957). Syntactic structures. The Hague: Mouton.
Crystal, D. (2003). A dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, (5th ed.). London: Blackwell
Darjdowidjojo, S. (2000). English teaching in Indonesia. EA Journal, 18(1), 2223.
Dulay, Heidi, Burt, Mariana and Krashen, Stephen. (1982). Language two. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dharma, S. (2007). Sekolah bertaraf internasional. Retrieved January 11, 2013, from http://www.ask.com.
Ellis, R. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ellis, R. (1997). Second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ellis, R. (2003). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fauziati, Endang. (1999). Interlanguage errors in Englih textbooks for junior high school students in Surakarta. Unpublished Thesis. Surakarta:Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta.
Gass, S.M. and Selinker,L. (2008) Second language acquisition: An Introductory Course. Mahwah, NJ: LEA
James, Cars. (1998). Errors in language learning and use (Exploring error analysis). Addison Wesley Longman Limited
Keshavarz, M. (2012). Contrastive analysis and error analysis (2nd ed.). Tehran:Rahamana Press.
McMann, Mary. (2006). Narrative paragraph. Retrieved May 6
th, 2013, from http://english120.pbworks.com/w/page/19006987/narrative%20paragraphs
Moleong, Lexy J. (1991). Metode penelitian kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.
Rahayu, Restiyani, T. (2013). Error analysis on the verb usage found in the narrative paragraph written by the second semester students of study program of English faculty of culture studies. Unpublished Thesis.
Malang: English Department of Brawijaya Malang.
Richards, J.C., Platt, J.T., Weber, H. (1985). Longman dictionary of applied linguistics. Harlow, Essex, England: Longman.
Simple past tense. (2013). Retrieved May 18th, 2013, from
Subarja, Elfrinita. Wida. (2013). Error analysis on descriptive paragraphs made by students of study program of English faculty of culture studies. Unpublished Thesis. Malang: English Department of Brawijaya Malang.
Suryadi, Satrio. Binusa. (2012). Error analysis in the writing test by forth semester students of STAI MAHAD ALY AL HIKAM. Unpublished Thesis. Malang: English Department of Brawijaya Malang.
Top 10 most spoken language in the world (2008). Retrieved April 08th, 2013, from http://listverse.com/2008/06/26/top-10-most-spoken-languagesin-the-world/
Troike and Saville M. (2006). Introduction second language acquisition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).