RACISM MANIFESTED IN A FILM ENTITLED THE HURRICANE
AbstractRacism is the crucial issue in this world and has become a problem sincehundreds of years ago. The colonialist who came to America believes that blackpeople are inferior caste in society. This construction is used to legitimize theenslavement of blacks. This leads to the oppression of the whites toward theblacks. As human beings the blacks have no rights to live in freedom andprosperity. In society, they have a lower position than the whites. In contrast ofthe white still have a higher position than the competent black person. Racialbiases against blacks are still apparent today through many different areas of thecriminal justice system. The black Americans argue that they are treatedunequally and more brutally than the whites at all levels in the criminal justicesystem as it is portrayed in a film entitled The Hurricane. It is a true story movietells about an African-American boxer named Rubin â€œHurricaneâ€ Carter. Afterfacing all discrimination, racial injustice and unfair law system with a worstverdict, Rubin is free from the accusation that he killing three white people.Â Related to the issue of racism occurs in the movie, Postcolonial theory play arole here to see the relationship between various aspect in life such as social,political, intellectual, psychological, and especially in the case of law. In racism,the whites limit the black peopleâ€Ÿ lives so they ha ve no freedom in their own life.It is the different skin color that makes the blacks got different treatments whichtend to be negative from the whites. Racist attitudes are considered as laws,religion, and everyday practice which influence all of the aspects of life. As it isshown in the movie, Rubin had many obstacles in his life since he was a kidcaused by racial discrimination. The racial discrimination is maintained by whitesupremacy to control their power and to eliminate the opportunity for coloredpeople.Â This research result (1) Many conflicts in it are the result of prejudice anddiscrimination against blacks and portrayed through such ways as personal life,legal law, appearance, and even the setting and the assumption of the distinctionbecomes crucial. (2) The physical appearance becomes the most important factorin this movie. Racism usually stems of ignorance. It its the assumption that thecolor of oneâ€Ÿs skin has something to do with intelligence.Â Keywords: racism, film, The Hurricane
Abowitz, K.K. 2000. Teenpics: Teen Movies Review. Retrieved August, 18, 2011, from http://www.lycos.com/cgibin/pursuit?querty=310577&fs=parent&cat=imagegallery&mtemp=fullimage&maxhits=8&first=10&image=900629
American Association of Physical Anthropology: Statement on Biological Aspects of Race. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 101, pp 569570,1996. Retrieved August,
, 2011 From http://www.physanth.org/positions/race.html
Alienation article. Retrieved August, 20, 2011 from http://www.marxist.org/glossary/terms/a/lhtm#alienation
Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. and Tiffin, H., eds (1995) The post-colonial studies reader. New York, Routledge, p 3.
Baker, F.W. (2003). Film Study Guide to Kill a Mockingbird. Retrieved February, 20, 2009, from http://www.frankbaker.com/filmframework.htm.
Capital, Labour & Class Struggle in the Period of Postmodern Capitalism.(1999). Retrieved March 20, 2009, from
Corrigan, T. J (2004). The Film Experience. March, 3rd, 2004. Bedford Books Paperback. P 38-62
Corrigan, T. J. (2004). A Short Guide to Writing About Film (5th ed.). US: Pearson Longman.
Fanon, Franz. Black Skin, White Masks (Peau noire, masques blancs); 1952
Film. (2008). Retrieved September, 28, 2011, from
Giannetti, Louis. (2002). Understanding Movies (9th ed.).New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hall, S. 1996. â€žWhen was the Post-Colonial? Thinking at the Limit.â€Ÿ In L. Curti and I. Chambers, (eds.): The Post-Colonial in Question: Common Skies, Divided Horizons. London: Routledge. 254 p.
Humanistic Inquiry and Political Signification. (2008). Retrieved September, 20,2011, from http://www.filmreference.com/encyclopedia/CriticismIdeology/Film-Studies-HUMANISTIC-INQUIRY-AND-POLITICALSIGNIFICATION.html.
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Adopted and opened for signature and ratification by General Assembly resolution 2106 (XX) of 21 December 1965 entry into force 4 January 1969, in accordance with Article 19
Klineberg, Otto (1968) "Prejudice: The Concept" International Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences. New York: Macmillan and Free Press.: 439-448. A
critique of conventional approaches to the study of prejudice and discrimination.
LÃ©vi-Strauss, Claude - (1979 ) "Race et histoire", in Raymond Bellour and Catherine ClÃ©ment, eds., Claude LÃ©vi-Strauss, pp. 427-462. Paris:Gallimard (originally published in Revue internationale des sciences sociales, 23(4).
Martin Luther King, Jr. quotes (American Baptist Minister and Civil-Rights Leader. 1929-1968).
Minorities article. Retrieved October, 15, 2011 from
Nichols, Bill. (2008). The Study of Film and Post Structuralism. Retrieved October, 20, 2011, from
Othering Article Retrieved October 22, 2011, from Literary/Popular Definition from various online sources
Prejudice Article. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from
Prejudice and Discrimination article. Retrieved September, 18, 2011, from http://psychology.jrank.org/page/502/PrejudiceDiscrimination.html">Prejudice and Discrimination Race Article. Retrieved September, 18, 201,1 from http://archive.adl.org/hatepatrol/racism.asp
Racism article. Retrieved August, 14, 2011, from
Racism article. Retrievd August, 14, 2011, from http://archive.adl.org/hatepatrol/racism.asp
Shah, Anup. â€œRacism.â€ Global Issues. Retrieved March, 23, 2012, from http://www.globalissues.org/article/165/racism
The Language of Film: Lighting. (n.d.). Retrieved May 11, 2012, from http://www.westga.edu/~mmcfar/Film%20Lighting.htm
The Hurricane Script. (1999). Retrieved August, 10, 2011, from http://www.script-o-rama.com/movie_scripts/h/hurricane-script-transcriptdenzel-washington.html
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).