• DIANA MARTINEZ Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya


Learning English as a foreign language is not as easy as learning the first and the second language since there are some differences among foreign language, first language, and second language that may cause problems in learning process. In learning foreign language, it needs some strategies to help learners. By applying the strategies, it will make the learning process becomes more effective. Since the goals of English course students are to enhance their English competence by practicing English, this study is aimed to examine the language learning strategies applied by students of General English class of ILP Kediri, and the correlation between the application of language learning strategies and academic achievement.This study used descriptive quantitative approach and survey related to correlation study. The subjects of this study were 46 students out of 201 students of General English class of International Language Programs Kediri taken by random sampling. The data were taken from Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) questionnaire completed by the students and their academic score at the end of the level.The results show that the use of overall language learning strategies falls into medium level, meaning that the students sometimes used those strategies. In particular, metacognitive strategies are found as the most frequently used strategies, followed by social, affective, compensation, cognitive, and memory strategies. There is a positive low significant correlation among metacognitive and social strategies and academic achievement. The possible reason of low correlation is caused by the context of English use since English is considered as a foreign language in Indonesia.In suggestion, it is expected that the teachers can introduce and emphasize the application of language learning strategies to the students, especially metacognitive and social strategies intended for the better academic achievement.Keywords: language learning strategies, English course students, Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) questionnaire


Ary, D., Jacobs, L.C., and Razavieh, A., Sorensen, C. (2010). Introduction to research in education, eighth edition. United States of America: Wardsworth/ Cengage Learning.

Chang, Chih-Hui. (2011). Language learning strategy profile of university foreign language majors in Taiwan. Taiwan: Da-Yeh University.

Cook, Vivian. (2008). Second language learning and language teaching. London: Hodder Education.

Ellis, Rod. (1994). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ellis, Rod. (1997). Second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gass, Susan M. & Selinker, Larry. (1994). Second language acquisition: an introductory course. New York and London: Routledge.

Grace, Caroline. (1997). Personality type, tolerance of ambiguity, and vocabulary retention in CALL. United States of America: Purdue University.

Griffee, Dale T. (2012). An introduction to second language research methods: design and data. United States of America: TESL-EJ Publications.

Krashen, Stephen D. (1981). Second language acquisition and second language learning. California: Pergamon Press Inc.

Kusumaningrum, Shirly Rizki. (2010). Learning Strategies of Successful English Learners at MAN 3 Malang in Improving Their Speaking Ability. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis. Malang: State University of Malang.

Littlejohn, Andrew. (2008). Strategies in language learning and teaching. Singapore:

Liyanage, I.J.B. (2004). An exploration of language learning strategies and learner variables of Sri Lankan learners of English as a second language with special reference to their personality types. Sri Lanka: Griffith University.

Microsoft® Encarta® (2008). © 1993-2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Natour. Amal Al. (2012). The most frequently language learning strategies used by Jordanian university students at Yarmouk university that affect EFL learning. Jordan: Yarmouk University.

Nisbet, D.L., Tindall, E.R., and Arroyo, A.A. (2005). Language learning strategies and English proficiency of Chinese university students. Foreign Language Annals, 38(1), 100-107.

Nunan, David. (1999). Second language teaching and learning. Boston: Heinle and Heinle Publishers.

Nuril, F.A.Y. (2012). The Application of Language Learning Strategies and Their Relationship with English Proficiency: A Study at International Undergraduate Program of Faculty of Economics and Business University of Brawijaya. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.

O’Malley, J. M., & Chamot, A. U. (1990). Learning Strategies in second language acquisition. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Oxford, R. L. (1990). Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know. New York: Newbury House.

Paredes, Elsie Elena. (2010). Language learning strategy use by Colombian adult English language learners: a phenomenological study. Florida: Florida International University.

Rahayu, Wulan. (2011). Strategies in Learning English Used by the Successful Learners of English at Laboratory Junior High School State University of Malang: A Case Study. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis. Malang: State University of Malang.

Richard, Erin. (2007). Individual differences and second language acquisition among low-income preschoolers. Indiana: George mason University.

Richards, J.C. and Schmidt, R. (2002). Longman dictionary of language teaching & applied linguistics, third edition. England: Pearson Education.

Rua, Paula Lopez. (2006). The sex variable in foreign language learning: an integrative approach. Spain: University of the Balearic Islands.

Susanto, Andrias Tri. (2010). An Analysis on the Correlation Between Language Learning Strategies and the Grammatical Errors Made by the Third Graders in IX-A Class of SMPK Kolose Santo Yusuf II Malang. Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis. Malang: State University of Malang.

Tsan, Shu-Chuan. (2008). Analysis of English learning strategies of Taiwanese students at national Taiwan normal university. Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University- NTNU (ROC).

Wu, I-Ju. (2011). Learning strategies used by international students from Taiwan in a university context: a case study. Chico: California State University.

About International Language Programs. Retrieved on February 16th, 2013, from

General English of International Language Programs. Retrieved on February 16th, 2013, from

International Language Programs Course. Retrieved on February 16th, 2013, from

International Language Programs Kediri. Retrieved on February 16th , 2013, from

Oxford, R. L. in ERIC Digest. 1994. Language learning strategies: an update. ERIC Digest. Retrieved on February 16th, 2013, from

What is the Difference Between First, Second and Foreign Language. Retrieved on April 17th, 2013, from