• LYA WIDYAWATI Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya


            People need language to communicate with others during their life. In order to be understood by others, they are supposed to speak correctly. Yet, sometimes people cannot avoid a mistake, in this case is slip of the tongue (SOT). They produce utterances which are different from the concept that they have in their mind. Thus, in this study, the writer conducts a research about slip of the tongue found in news anchors’ utterances of Metro TV and TV One. There are two problems of the study, namely: (1) what are the types of slip of the tongue found in news anchors’ utterances at Indonesian private TV stations?; and (2) what are the possible factors influencing TV news anchor experiencing slip of the tongue?.            This research is a case study with qualitative approach. The data are the news anchors’ utterances of the news programs broadcasted on Metro TV and TV One. They were downloaded from Youtube from January 2013 to February 2013.            This research discloses that seven types of SOT (perseveration, anticipation, substitution, deletion, blend, exchange, misderivation) are found in the utterances that produced by the news anchors of Metro TV and TV One. The most dominant type of SOT found in this research is substitution. It occurs seven times and is found in several forms of substitution (noun, adverb, and preposition substitution). In further reading, there are various kinds of factors influencing the occurrence of SOT. The most dominant factors influencing Metro TV and TV One news anchors experiencing the SOT are internal and external difficulties which are proposed by Saksomo (2010). Those various conditions highly affect the news anchors’ performance in reporting the news.The writer suggests TV news anchors to be more aware and well prepared in their performance in order to minimize the occurrence of SOT. She also suggests to the next researchers to develop and explore this topic deeper in different object or theory. Keywords: slip of the tongue, Metro TV and TV One’s news anchors.


About us (n.d). Retrieved February 17, 2013, from

Arikunto, S. (1998). Manajemen penelitian. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Ary, D., Lucy C.J., & Asghar R. (2002). Introduction to research in education. New York: Wadiworth, Thomson Learning.

Carroll, D.W. (2007). Psychology of language 5th edition. United States: Cengage Learning.

Clark, H.H, & Eve V.Clark. (1977). Psychology and language: An introduction to psycholinguistics. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanich.

Coomarsingh, K. (2012). What is Freudian slip?. Retrieved October 5, 2012, from

Cowles, H.W. (2011). Psycholinguistics 101. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Fromkin, V.A (Ed.). (1973). Speech errors as linguistics evidence. The Hague: Mouton.

Hassanpour, A (n.d.). Language and television. Retrieved February 16, 2013, from

Jaeger, J.J. (2005). Kids’ slips: What young children’s slips of the tongue reveal about language development. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Levelt, W.J.M. (1999). Models of word production. Journal of trends in cognitive sciences, Volume 3- No. 6, 223-232.

Moser, D. (1991). Slips of the tongue and pen in Chinese. Sino-Platonic Papers, no. 22, p. 1-45.

Newsletter: Pemilu mengangkat popularitas berita (2009). Retrieved October 7, 2012, from NewsletterJunInd09.pdf

Nidy. (2012). Slip of the tongue in singing English. Retrieved February 26, 2013, from html.

Nisa, H. (2009). A study on speech errors made by global TV VJ the music programs: “Most Wantedâ€. Unpublished Sarjana’s Thesis. Medan: State University of North Sumatra.

Rahmawati, L. (2009). A psycholinguistics analysis on slips of the tongue in the speaking class at Fantastic English for Better Malang. Unpublished Sarjana’s Thesis. Malang: State Islamic University of Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Rimawati. (2009). A psycholinguistics analysis on kids’ and adults’s slip of the tongue found in EF (English First) Malang. Unpublished Sarjana’s Thesis. Malang: State Islamic University of Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Rohmah, N. (2005). A study of slips of the tongue on news presenters of liputan Surya Citra Televisi (SCTV). Unpublished Sarjana’s Thesis. Malang: State Islamic University of Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.

Saksomo, D. (2010). Wicara individual. Malang: Asih Asah Asuh.

Scovel, T. (1998). Psycholinguistics. Great Clarendon Street: Oxford University Press.

Schmith, L (n.d). Language acquisition device. Retrieved March 4, 2013, from

Sternberg, R.J. (2009). Cognitive psychology. United States: Cengage Learning.

TV anchoring as a career: spunk and spontaneity is the key (2011). Retrieved October 5, 2012, from

TVOne company profile (2008). Retrieved October 5, 2012, from