ACT OF REPRESENTATIVE WITHIN OBAMAâ€™S SPEECH AT INTERFAITH PRAYER VIGIL IN NEWTOWN, CONNECTICUT
AbstractOne particular tool commonly used by people in delivering thoughts Â is Â speech, Â in Â this Â case, Â formal Â speech.Â Collecting Illocutionary Actions within formal speech is very interesting activity. Â By analyzing Illocutionary Actions, people can reveal the intended meaning of the speaker. The data source in thisresearch is Â taken from Â the script Â of Â Obamaâ€Ÿs Â formal Â speechdelivered at Interfaith Prayer Vigil in Newtown, Connecticut.The objectives of this research are to propose a list of Act ofRepresentative and to provide an analysis about Act of Representative inside the speech, by connecting the Act of Representative found with the prevailing circumstances in USA when the speech were delivered.Â Â Â By collecting some of the representative acts in the Obamaâ€Ÿs speech, Â the writer is able to provide some thorough analysis toward some truths and factsspoken by Â Obama himself, as the president of the United States of America. Â Â Â Â Â Â There are 22 representative acts in the Obamaâ€Ÿs Speech delivered at Interfaith Prayer Vigil in Newtown, Connecticut.Â Â The truths and facts themselves talk about some different themes, such us religious themes, family, future US policy, shootings tragedy, and the circumstances in the relatedneighborhood.Â Key words: Act of Representative, Obama, Obamaâ€Ÿs Speech at Interfaith Prayer Vigil in Newtown, Connecticut
Anonymous. (2012). â€œDon't make any noise, bad guys are out thereâ€: How hero
teacher saved terrified kids during gunman's spree. Accessed on May 28th
Bloch, Judith S. (2013). What do I say when I am worried about their child.
Accessed on May 28th 2013 from http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/earlychildhood/article_view.aspx?Ar
Brumfield, Ben. (2012). Connecticut teachers were heroes in the face of death.
Accessed on May 28th 2013 from http://edition.cnn.com/2012/12/17/us/connecticut-shooting-teacher-
Choyimah, Nurul. (2012). Selected reading on pragmatics. Malang: Brawijaya
Cook, Guy. (2003). Applied linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press. Cummings, Louise. (1999). Pragmatik: sebuah perspektif multidisipliner.
Translated by: Ibrahim, Abdul Syukur. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. Cutting, Joan. (2002). Pragmatics and discourse. Oxon: Routledge.
Felitto, John. (2013). Universal love. Accessed on May 28th 2013 from http://www.care-givers.com/DBArticles/pages/viewarticle.php?id=190
Greenthal, Sharon. (2013). The art of parenting. Accessed on May 28th 2013 from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/sharon-greenthal/the-art-of- parenting_b_2908418.html
Jacoby, Jeff. (2012). Good laws will never abolish all evil. Accessed on May 28th
from http://townhall.com/columnists/jeffjacoby/2012/12/19/good- laws-will-never-abolish-all-evil-n1470466/page/full
Keith, Brown. (2005). Encyclopedy of language and linguistic,. Second Edition,
-Volume Set. Elsevier Science.
Leech, Geoffrey. (1993). Pragmatics principles. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia
Levinson, Steven C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Liyanto, Fenny Miranda. (2006). A Study of speech acts in ceriwis talk show. S-1
Thesis of Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University.
McDowell, Sean. (2013). What will heaven be like? Accessed on May 28th 2013 from http://www.seanmcdowell.org/index.php/theology/what-will-heaven- be-like/
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Accessed on February
th 2013 from www.merriam-webster.com
Muller, Sarah. (2013). Obamaâ€™s former speechwriter on the secret he learned from his boss. Accessed on February 18th 2013 from http://tv.msnbc.com/2013/04/12/obamas-former-speechwriter-on-the- secrets-he-learned-from-his-boss/
Muskananfola, Isanna A. (2009). Analysis of illocutionary acts in â€œvictory speechâ€ and â€œinaugural speechâ€ of barrack obama. S-1 Thesis of Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University.
Parsons, Christi (2013). Jon Favreau: President Obamaâ€™s head speechwriter, is Departing. Accessed on February 18th 2013 from http://articles.latimes.com/2013/feb/05/nation/la-na-obama-speechwriter-
Postel, Therese. (2013). Since the assault weapon ban expired, there have been 27 mass shootings in the U.S. Accessed on February 18th 2013 from http://www.policymic.com/articles/22262/since-the-assault-weapon-ban- expired-there-have-been-27-mass-shootings-in-the-u-s
Roberts, Frank. J. (2012). Deadly dreams: What motivates school shootings?
Accessed on February 18th 2013 from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=deadly-dreams
Riggio, Ronald E. (2012). Are children a source of misery or joy. Accessed on February 18th 2013 from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cutting- edge-leadership/201212/are-children-source-misery-or-joy
Rohde, Hannah. (2006). Rhetorical questions as redundant interrogatives.
Published Journal at the eScholarship Repository, University of California.
Rucker, Philip. (2013). Obama honors law-enforcement officers and pitches gun control. Accessed on February 18th 2013 from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-
Searle, John R. (1976). Language in society. Volume 5 Number 1. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Sophy, Charles. (2013). Teaching independence: Developing confidence and self- reliance in your child. Accessed on February 18th 2013 from www.selfgrowth.com/articles/Sophy17.html
Stone, Ethan. (2011). If humans evolved to be social creatures, then why didn't anyone come to my party? Accessed on February 18th 2013 from http://www.theonion.com/articles/if-humans-evolved-to-be-social-
Qadir, Ashequl and Riloff, Ellen. (2011). Classifying sentences as speech acts in message board posts. Published journal of the 2011 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-2011), University of Utah.
Wade, Nicholas. (2009). We may born with an urge to help. Accessed on May 28th from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/01/science/01human.html?pagewanted= all&_r=0
Warren, Lydia. â€œNothing will ever be the same.â€: Newtown parents on their enduring pain, leaving their childrenâ€™s bedroom untouched and the siblings who donâ€™t understand theyâ€™re gone. Accessed on May 28th 2013 from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2303583/Sandy-Hook-
Yule, George. (1996). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Yule, George. (1996). Pragmatik. Translated by: Mustajab, Rombe. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).