TEACHER QUESTIONING BEHAVIOR ON CLASSROOM INTERACTION IN TEACHING READING OF ENGLISH CLASSES

Authors

  • AZURA PRAMESWARA MAS’UD Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract

Keywords : teacher questioning, teaching reading, classroom interaction, type of questions This research is about the types of questions used by the teacher in teaching English particularly in reading section and how the contributions of that questions to classroom interaction. There are two types of questions in teachingreading; they are text dependent questions and text independent questions. Theinteractions can be seen through the students’ responses in answering teacherquestioning.This research uses mixed method. The data sources are two eleventh  grades English classes. The both class are XI IS-2 from MAN Pasuruan and XI MIA-1 from SMAN 1 Pasuruan, which conduct the teaching reading, and two professional English teachers of both classes. The instruments that are used in data collection are video recording, classroom observation, collecting documents, and interviews. In analyzing the data, the researcher uses symbols on the classroom interaction transcriptions in dividing the questions types. Concluding and interpretation are used to analyze the result of interview.The finding shows that text independent questions encourage the students to produce 6.8 words longer compare to text dependent questions that only encourage 6.4 words in every one question that is asked by the teacher. For the question structure, wh-questions type creates 55.9% of all questions, it is  followed by yes/no question by creating 22.7% and other questions with only create 19.5%. In addition, both of the teachers acknowledge that asking questions is an important activity. Based on both of the teachers’ opinions, they have different perspective to the importance of the two types of questions.The conclusion of this study for the students who are passive, then the teacher should give more text dependent questions. In contrary, for the students who always fast in responding the teacher talk and are always confident in sayingtheir opinion, then the teacher should give more text independent questions. Some suggestion are also offered related to the finding. First, teacher has to understand the students behavior before decide on which types of questions s/he want to use often. Second, teacher has to keep using yes/no questions to encourage the weak learners to keep responding to the teacher’s questions. Third, the use of other questions, which are created as incomplete sentence and used only to confirm the statement may be decreased.

References

Arfianti, Ajeng Dini. (2014). The implementation of scientific approach in teaching of english at SMPN 5 Malang. Undergraduate Thesis, unpublished, Malang. State University of Malang.

Azar, Betty Schrampfer. (1999). Understanding and using English grammar 3rd edition. New York: Pearson Education.

BAN S/M. Data SMA/MA sudah akreditasi. Posted on 2014, Retrieved March 15, 2015, from http://bnsm.or.id/sekolah/sudah_akreditasi/4

Barrentine, Shelby J..(1996). Engaging with reading through interactive readalouds. The Reading Teacher Vo. 50 , No.1

September 1996.

Bornstein, Diane D. (1977). An introduction to transformational grammar. University Press of America,TM

Inc: USA. Retrieved May 20, 2015, from https://books.google.co.id

Brown, H. Douglas. (2007). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy 3rb Edition. United States of America: Person Education.

Cohen D, Crabtree B. (2006). Qualitative research guidelines project. Posted on July 2006, Retrieved April 23, 2015, from https://qualres.org/HomeWhat3513.html

Casey, Rowan. (2015). Top ten countries that speak english as second language.

Published on May 6, 2015 (updated), Retrieved May 6, 2015, from https://advertising.knoji.com/top-ten-countries-that-english-as-secondlanguage/

Clark, Dorie. (2012). English - The language of global business?. Posted on 26, October 2012, Retrieved May 8, 2015, from www.forbes.com/sites/dorieclark/2012/10/26/english-the-language-of-globalbusiness/

Cotton, Kathleen. (1988). Classroom questioning. United Stated: North West Regional Educational Laboratory.

Creswell, John W.. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed method approaches (second edition). USA: Sage Publication.

Creswell, John W.. (2005). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

Cunningham, Roger T. (1971). “Developing Question-Asking Skills†in James Weigand (Ed.) Developing teacher competencies. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs.

EnglishClub. (2015). Question types. Retrieved 8th March 2015, from www.englishclub.com/verbs-questions_types.htm

Farr, Steven. (2010). Teaching as leadership: How highly effective teacher close the achievement gap. United State of America : Teach For America.

Farrel, Thomas, Sylvester Charles. (2009). Teaching reading to english language learners: A reflective guide, Corwin (A SAGE Company): California.

Fathurrohman, Pupuh and Suryana, Aa. (2012). Guru professional. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Fisher, Douglas and Frey, Nancy. (2012). Engaging the adolescent learner: Text dependent questions. International Reading Association, Retrieved May 21, 2015 from www.reading.org

Fisher, Douglas and Frey, Nancy. (2014). Text dependent questions: Pathways to close and critical reading. Corwin: California, USA.

GDC Team. (2014). The importance of teaching critical thinking. Posted on October 3, 2014, Retrieved March 13, 2015, from https://globaldigitalcitizen.org/the-importance-of-teaching-critical-thinking

Hancock, Beverley. (1998). Trent focus for research and development in primary health care: An introduction to qualitative research. Nottingham: University of

Nottingham, Trent Focus.

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (2013). Kurikulum 2013 kompetensi dasar Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA) / Masdrasah Aliyah (MA). Indonesia: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Krathwohl, David R. (2002). A revision of bloom taxonomy: An overview.

THEORY INTO PRACTICE, Volume 41, Number 4, Autumn 2002. Ohio: The Ohio State University.

Kugelman, Francie. (n.d.). Bloom’s taxonomy cheat sheet. Retrieved 8th March 2015, from www.bloomtaxonomy.org

Liu, Lianzhang. (2003). A new perspective on the goals of TEFL in China. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. IX, No. 11, November 2003, Retrieved 8th May 2015, from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Liu-Goals.html

Meng, Junyi, Zhao, Tao and Chattouphonexay, Athithouthay. (2012). Teacher questions in a content-based classroom for EFL young learners. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol.2, No.12, pp.1203-2610, December 2012.

Academy Publisher: Finland.

Merriam, S.B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco: John Willey & Sons, Inc (online). Retrieved April 20, 2015, from https://www.book.google.co.id

Presiden Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Nomor 14 Tahun 2005 tentang Guru dan Dosen

Qashoa, Sulaiman Hassan. (2013). Effects of teacher’s question types and syntactic structures on EFL classroom interaction. TUOSS&ARF. The International Journal of Social Sciences 30 January 2013 Vol. 7 No.1.

Sembiring, M. Gorky. (2008). Mengungkap rahasia dan tips manjur, menjadi guru sejati. Yogyakarta: Galangpress.

Sharma, Ram Nath and Chandra, S.S..(2003). Advance educational technology volume 1. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors. From Retrieved

April 20, 2015, from https://www.book.google.co.id.

Tawarah, Haroon Mohammed. (2013). Teachers’ effectiveness in asking classroom’s questions and their interaction with student responses and questions. Ashouback, Jordan: Ashouback University College.

UNESCO. (2010). Perspectives on globalization. Retrieved May 8, 2015, from https://www.unesco.org/education/tlsf/mods/theme_c/popups/mod18t04s02.html

Weingarten , Jennifer. (2013). All you need to know about language certificates. Posted on Feb 18, 2013, Retrieved May 8, 2015, from http://www.mastersportal.eu/articles/345/all-you-need-to-know-aboutlanguage-certificates.html

Wright, Tony. (2005). Classroom management in language education. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Downloads

Published

2015-07-07

Issue

Section

Articles